What you will learn:
The connectedness and interdependence of world cultures and economies (globalisation), reflected by the flows of people, money, material goods, and ideas across national boundaries, is only increasing. Data is fundamental to this interdependence.
However, for solid reasons of national security, privacy protection, and crime prevention, the flow of data across national boundaries is severely curtailed. Many countries have erected barriers to cross border data flows, such as data-residency requirements that confine data within a country’s borders, a concept known as ‘data localisation.’
Data localisation can be required explicitly by law or can be the de facto result of a culmination of policies that make it unfeasible to transfer data, such as requiring companies to store a copy of the data locally, requiring companies to process data locally, or mandating individual or government consent for data transfers.